In addition to developing a disease due to a sedentary lifestyle or unhealthy diet, physiological defects can restrict the heart from performing at its fullest. Although not all heart conditions require surgery, cardiac-related problems are the prevalent cause of worldwide mortality.
The most common heart problems that only a surgery can address include blockage of the coronary artery due to plaque, failure of the heart, dilation of blood vessels, defect in heart valves, and abnormal cardiac rhythms. In this post, we’ll go through the various forms of heart surgery available, as well as recommend you visiting an Essex heart clinic when facing any complications.
- Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Also referred to as coronary artery bypass, the surgery is performed to fix a blocked portion of the coronary artery (due to plaque accumulation). Under this procedure, the surgeon takes a healthy section of a vessel (an artery or vein from the leg or breast) and then grafts it around the affected area. The newly connected blood vessel acts as a bypass of the coronary artery and creates a new route for supplying blood to the heart.
- Heart Valve Repair
A heart with a faulty valve requires undergoing repair (or replacement). Stenosis and regurgitation are the two common defects in valves. The surgery entails opening the heart or chest (or conducting a minimally invasive surgery above the sternum), removing the diseased valve, and replacing it with a prosthetic or biological valve inserted through a blood channel.
- Heart Transplant
The heart’s inability to pump oxygenated blood leads to advanced (end-stage) heart failure, which needs to be replaced at all. It could be either due to idiopathic cardiomyopathy or coronary artery damage. The transplantation of the heart begins with surgically removing the damaged one and replacing it with a healthy one.
- Arrhythmia Surgery
The irregular cardiac rhythms, sometimes known as atrial fibrillation, arrhythmia, or ventricular tachycardia, necessitate surgery as a last resort. As part of the surgery, the patient receives an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator or a pacemaker under the chest. The device controls the heart rhythms using sensors and electrical pulses.
- Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization
Patients, who suffer from angina or chest pain, undergo trans myocardial revascularization. The problem arises due to a lack of oxygenated blood. The laser creates channels in the heart that allow more oxygen-rich blood to reach the heart muscle from the heart chamber.
The heart is among those body organs that work non-stop to keep us alive. In doing so, the heart encounters various issues affecting its overall functioning that could risk a life. It can be repaired by surgery at nearly every Essex heart clinic after any other options, such as medication supplements, dietary changes, or non-surgical procedures, have failed.